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If you're concerned what your life would be like if you were debt-free, do as the NFL quarterback Aaron Rodgers once said, which was, “R-E-L-A-X”. You're not going to become debt free overnight so you'll have plenty of time to get used to the idea of not having to struggle to pay your bills every month.
You can do this one step at a time and the first step is to determine how bad things are. The easiest way to do this is with a spreadsheet program such as Microsoft Excel or Google’s free program, Sheets. Whichever of these you choose you will need five columns – the name of the lender, the amount owed, the monthly payment, its interest rate and its due date.
Choose a method
Now that you have your debts organized you need to make a plan for paying them off. There are two popular methods for doing this. They are called the snowball method and the avalanche method.
The snowball method, which was developed by Dave Ramsey, is where you list your debts from the one that has the lowest balance down to the one with the highest. You then focus all of your efforts on paying off that first debt. This should go fairly quickly. When you have it paid off you'll then have extra money available to start paying off the debt with the second lowest balance and so on. The idea behind this is that paying off that first debt fairly quickly will have you feeling excited and give you momentum to begin paying off the next one
If you'd like to know more about the snowball method from Dave Ramsey himself, watch this video.
The other method, the avalanche method, means listing your debts from the one with the highest interest rate down to the one with the lowest. You then do everything you can to pay off that first debt. The thinking behind this is that paying off the debt with the highest interest rate will save you the most money. While this is true, it’s equally true that it will take you longer to pay off that first debt than if chose the snowball method.
The final step
You can probably guess your next step, which is to choose a method and start using it. This, of course, is the hard part. Regardless of whether you choose the snowball or avalanche method you must commit to making your payments on time every month. You may find this takes more than a bit of self-discipline – especially if you’ve been ignoring your debts for several months. One way to take the stress out of this is to automate your payments. You should be able to do this through your bank or if not, just contact your lender to set up automatic payments. Do this and you won't ever have to worry about making a payment again. Of course, you will need to make sure there is enough money in your account to cover the automatic withdrawals.
Frequently Asked Questions about debt
Q. Who offers debt consolidation loans?
A. Banks, savings institutions and loan companies al offer debt consolidation loans. It's also possible to get a debt consolidation loan online at websites such as Lending Club and Peerform. It's often possible to get better interest rates from an online lender, especially those that are peer-to-peer lenders.
Q. How do debt settlement programs work?
A. The way they work is that you hire a debt settlement company to settle your debts for you. You then stop paying your lenders and, instead, transfer a set amount of money each month to a FDIC insured trust account. When a sufficient amount of money has accumulated in your trust account to settle one of your debts, the settlement company will contact you and ask you to release enough money to cover it. This process continues until all of your debts have been settled. This typically takes from 24 to 48 months.
Q. What debt is considered when applying for a mortgage?
A. Your debts will not be considered so much as your credit score. The long and short of it is that you will need to have a good credit score to get a mortgage. We have heard one mortgage broker advertising that it can help people that have credit scores as low as 580 get FHA mortgages. However, you will probably need to have a score of 700 or above to get a non-government-backed or conventional mortgage.
Q, What debt can be consolidated?
A. Almost all unsecured debts can be consolidated. This includes credit card debts, personal lines of credit, personal loans, payday loans, old cell phone bills and past due rent (if you no longer live in that house or apartment). What debts can't be consolidated are secured debt such as mortgages and auto loans. It is also not possible to consolidate alimony, spousal support, family support, past due taxes and college loan debts.
Q. How debt affects your health?
The stress related to dealing with debt can cause serious health problems including irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, colds and sinus infections, a spastic colon, diarrhea, high blood pressure, asthma and headaches.