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In the event you don't live in one of the states that belongs to the Western Undergraduate Exchange and if you find that you can’t take advantage of the In-state Angels program, what can you do? You'll probably end up having to borrow a lot of money. There are two ways to do this -- through public and private loans. The best deal by far is to get a public loan or a loan from the Department of Education (ED). It offers William D. Ford Direct Loans that are loans where the money comes directly from the federal government. You can learn more about these loans on the Department of Education's website, http://www.direct.ed.gov/. The way you apply for one is by filling out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). As a general rule, Direct Loans are usually part of a larger "award package," which will come from the college or colleges where you applied for admission. This package may also contain other types of financial aid.
The two types
If you are offered a Direct Loan there are two major types – subsidized and unsubsidized. Subsidized loans are based on need. In other words, if you can demonstrate that you have a financial need as determined by federal regulations, you would not be required to pay any interest while in school at least half-time. If you can’t demonstrate a financial need, your loan would be unsubsidized meaning that you would be required to pay interest during all periods you are in school including even periods of grace or deferment.
There are also PLUS loans. These are unsubsidized loans that would be taken out by your parents and that can also be used by graduate/professional students. These loans are designed to help pay educational expenses up to the cost of attending the school minus all other financial aid. Since the loans are unsubsidized, your parents would be required to pay interest during all periods that you are in school.
The best loan is no loan at all
Of course, the best type of student loan is no loan at all. If you can graduate from college owing nothing you'll be well ahead of most people. In fact, according to recent statistics about 12 million students borrow money each year to help cover their college costs. As a result they graduate owing an average of more than $28,000 in student loans. So, how could you graduate debt free? The answer will be a combination of what's in your financial aid package and what your parents will contribute. You will need to add up the aid offered by your college such as a scholarship, work-study grant or some other type of aid and then subtract this from the cost of attending that school. If your parents can make up the difference, you could actually graduate debt free. You should also check with your state to see what grants and scholarships it has available. If one of your parents belongs to a social organization such as the Elks, IOOF or Moose be sure to see if it has a scholarship program for the children of its members. And, finally, many companies have scholarship programs for the children of their employees.