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It's likely that you're being hassled by debt collectors and as you well know that's no fun at all. If you didn't know this debt collectors are usually compensated on a commission basis. This gives them a big financial incentive to collect from you – regardless of what's required. But if you're being threatened or abused by a debt collector it's important to know you have rights. You probably don't know about the Fair Debt Collection Practices act (FDCPA) but it gives you certain rights if a collector is harassing you. As an example of this, you can ask him for written proof that you actually owe the debt that he's trying to collect. The law obligates him to comply with this request. If you don't think you owe the debt or if you believe that the amount is not correct, you can dispute it. You must put your dispute in writing and send it to the debt collector's agency within 30 days of when you were first contacted. You also have the right to send the debt collector a cease and desist letter telling him to not contact you again about that particular debt. Be sure to send the letter certified and return receipt requested. When the collector receives your letter he can communicate with you again only for two reasons – to let you know that he won't be calling you again or to inform you of some specific action he's about to take to collect the money such as suing you.
Step #6: Give special attention to your most serious debts
Not all debts are created equal. Some deserve special attention because the consequences of falling way behind on them are very serious. Depending on the type of debt, you could lose an important asset, be evicted or see your income tax refunds taken. In a worst-case scenario you could even end up serving jail time. So what are the serious debts?
• Your mortgage
• Car loans
• Rent or utility bills
• Court-ordered child support obligations
• Federal student loans
• Federal income taxes
If you have debts that fall into one or more of these categories you need to focus your attention on getting them caught up. We've already discussed one way to do this, which is a debt consolidation loan. Unfortunately, none of these debts can be "settled." This means that if you can’t get a debt consolidation loan the bad news is that you will either have to find a way to catch up on your payments or file for bankruptcy.